Amla is highly nutritious and is an important dietary source of Vitamin
C, minerals and amino acids. The edible fruit tissue contains protein
concentration 3-fold and ascorbic acid concentration 160-fold compared
to that of the apple. The fruit also contains considerably higher
concentration of most minerals and amino acids than apples. Glutamic
acid, proline, aspartic acid, alanine, and lysine are 29.6%, 14.6%,
8.1%, 5.4% and 5.3% respectively of the total amino acids. The pulpy
portion of fruit, dried and freed from the nuts contains: gallic acid
1.32%, tannin, sugar 36.10%; gum 13.75%; albumin 13.08%; crude cellulose
17.08%; mineral matter 4.12% and moisture 3.83%. Amla fruit ash contains
chromium, 2.5 ppm; zinc 4 ppm; and copper, 3 ppm. The Emblica
officinalis (Amla) fruit contain a fairly good amount of oil
Key Active Constituents - Emblicanin A&B, Puniglucanin, Pedunculagin,
2-keto-gluconolactone (Vitamin-C equivalents). Ellagic acid,
Hexahydroxy-diphenic acid and conjugates.
Medicinal Uses :
Root bark - Useful in ulcerative stomatitis and gastrohelcosis. The bark
is useful in gonorrhoea, jaundice, diarrhoea and myalgia.
Leaves - Useful in treatment of conjuctuvitis, inflammation, dyspepsia,
diarrhoea and dysentery.
Fruits - Useful in treatment of diabetes, cough, asthma, bronchitis,
cephalalgia, ophthalmopathy, dyspepsia, colic, flatulence, hyperacidity,
peptic ulcer, erysipelas, skin diseaes, leprosy, haematemesis,
inflammations, anaemia, emaciation, hepatopathy, jaundice, strangury,
diarrhoea, dysentery, haemorrhages, leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, cardiac
disorders, intermittent fevers and greyness of hair.
Indian Gooseberry or Amla is used for all Pitta diseases, all obstinate
urinary conditions, anemia, biliousness, bleeding, colitis,
constipation, convalescence from fever, cough, diabetes, gastritis,
gout, hepatitis, hemorrhoids, liver weakness, to relieve stress
,osteoporosis, palpitation, spleen weakness, tissue deficiency, vertigo
rebuilds blood, bones, cells, and tissues. It increases red blood cell
count and regulates blood sugar; heart tonic, cleanses mouth, stops gum
bleeding, stops stomach and colon inflammation; cleanses intestines,
strengthens teeth, aids eyesight, worms, acidity, eye and lung
inflammations, ulcerations, G.I. disorders, painful urination, and
Other Biological Properties :
Amla pulp is rich in vitamin C and hence can be used a natural
ingredient in other food preparation such as juices, medicinal
preparations to enrich vitamin C in the product.
The fruits are used for making preserves and pickles, several Ayurvedic
medicinal preparations, hairwash powders, hair oils etc.
The fruit and bark is also used in tanning of leather by the village
Emblica officinalis is effective in the treatment of amlapitta [peptic
ulcer] and in dyspepsia.
The fruits exhibit hypolipiadaemic and antiatherosclerotic effects.
The fruit extract has antimutagenic activity on certain directly acting
The extract of amla also has antimicrobial properties.
Amla is an antioxidant with free radical scavenging properties.